There are two Primary Parties, Democratic and Republican. These two parties, founded in the nineteenth century, are the most well-known of all the parties. All of the other recognized political parties were founded in the twentieth century, except for the Socialist Party, which was formed in 1877.
The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The party under its present name was established by Andrew Jackson in 1828, but it traces its origins to Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic-Republican Party in 1792. It is, along with Great Britain's Conservative Party, one of the two oldest political parties in the world. Currently, the Democratic Party is the minority party in the United States Senate and the House of Representatives. Democrats control 19 state legislatures and 22 governorships. Since 1896, the Democrats have been the more liberal major party (in the modern American sense of the word, i.e. center-left). The pro-working class, activist philosophy of Franklin D. Roosevelt has shaped much of the party's agenda since 1933; his New Deal coalition controlled the national government into the 1960s. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, championed by the party despite opposition at the time from its conservative Southern wing, has continued to inspire the party's ideas and principles.